Spring and Different types of Spring-Definition, Function, Application, Advantages, Disadvantages, PDF

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Spring Definition:

  •  A spring can be defined as an elastic member, whose main function is to deflect under the action of load and recovers it’s original shape when the load is removed.
  • This is a mechanical component.

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Function of Spring:

  • To absorb the shocks or Vibration as in car springs, railway buffers etc.
  • To measure the forces as in a spring balance.
  • Apply forces in brakes and clutches to stop the vehicles.
  • The function is to store the energy as in Clocks, toys etc.
  • Control the motion as in cams and follower by maintaining contact between two elements.

Different types of Spring:

  1. Helical Spring
  2. Conical and volute Spring
  3. Torsion Spring
  4. Laminated or leaf Spring
  5. Disc or Belleville Spring
  6. Special Purpose Spring
Different types of Spring
Different types of Spring

1. Helical Spring:

  • A helical spring is a mechanical device which is typically used to store energy and subsequently release it, to absorb shock, or to maintain a force between contacting surfaces.

2. Conical and Volute Spring:

  • Both these spring types have specialized areas of usage where springs with adaptable rate according to the load is required. In case of conical springs, they are wound so as to have a uniform pitch while on the other hand volute springs are wound in a slight manner of a paraboloid.

3. Torsion Springs:

  • The characteristics of such springs are that they tend to wind up by the load. They can be either helical or spiral in shape. These types of springs are used in circuit breaker mechanisms.

4. Leaf springs: 

  • These types of springs are comprised of metal plates of different lengths held together with the help of bolts and clamps. Commonly seen being used as suspensions for vehicles.

5. Disc Springs:

  • As the name suggests such types of springs are comprised of conical discs held together by a bolt or tube.

6. Special Purpose Springs:

  •  These springs are altogether made of different materials such as air and water.

Application / Uses of Spring:


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